Madaba, the city of mosaics. This town has a long history, being first mentioned in the Bible and in the Mesha Stele when it was a Moabite town, Saint George Orthodox Christian church, the mosaic Map of Jerusalem, Palestine, Jordan, Israel & Egypt. The Madaba Mosaic Map depicts Jerusalem with the Nea Church, which was dedicated on the 20th of November, 542 AD. Buildings erected in Jerusalem after 570 AD are absent from the depiction, thus limiting the date range of its creation to the period between 542 and 570 AD. The mosaic was made by unknown artists, probably for the Christian community of Madaba, which was the seat of a bishop at that time. In 614, Madaba was conquered by the Persian Empire. In the 8th century AD, the Muslim Umayyad rulers had some figural motifs removed from the mosaic. In 746, Madaba was largely destroyed by an earthquake and subsequently abandoned. The mosaic was rediscovered in 1884, during the construction of a New Greek Orthodox church on the site of its ancient predecessor. In the following decades, large portions of the mosaic map were damaged by fires, activities in the new church and by the effects of moisture.
Biblical Mount Nebo
Mount Nebo the site of the Tomb of Moses. From here Moses viewed the Promised Land. There are ruins of 4th and 6th century churches whose floors are still covered with marvelous mosaics. On the highest point of the mountain, Syagha, the remains of a church and monastery were discovered in 1933. The church was first constructed in the second half of the 4th century to commemorate the place of Moses' death. The church design follows a typical basilica pattern. It was enlarged in the late fifth century A.D. and rebuilt in A.D. 597. The church is first mentioned in an account of a pilgrimage made by a lady Aetheria in A.D. 394. Six tombs have been found hollowed from the natural rock beneath the mosaic-covered floor of the church. In the modern chapel presbytery, built to protect the site and provide worship space, can be seen remnants of mosaic floors from different periods. The earliest of these is a panel with a braided cross presently placed on the east end of the south wall.
Head through Wadi Araba then along the shores of the Dead Sea to visit Bethany: The site of John the Baptists settlement at Bethany beyond the Jordan where Jesus was baptized, has long been known from the Bible (John 1:28 and 10:40 and from the Byzantine and medieval texts.